Monday, October 17, 2011

.2nd Issues of Globalisation

Although everyone agrees that globalisation is happening, it remains difficult to define. Yet, discussion continues about what are the impacts of globalisation on health. This discussion will build understanding about some of the major health consequences of globalisation process. There are many different aspects of globalisation that are analysed separately but the aspects are closely interconnected between each other such as viewed by the diagram below :
Diagram 1 summarized that globalisation incorporates many different processes and phenomena that combine to link the world.

One of the first premises of this book is that the scope of global health is expanding as a consequence of the processes of globalisation. Globalisation can be defined as ‘processes that are changing the nature of human interaction across a wide range of spheres including the sociocultural, political, economic, technological and ecological’ (Lee 2001).
These processes are global where it can impacting on both cause (health determinants) and effect (health status). Health status are change as the mortality and burden of diseases attribute to major risks. The five leading global risks for mortality in the world are high blood pressure, tobacco use, high blood glucose, physical inactivity, and overweight and obesity. They are responsible for raising the risk of chronic diseases, such as heart disease and cancers. They affect countries across all income groups which is high,middle and low income groups.

The impacts of these processes of change are leading to new patterns of human health and disease which the globalisation process consequences for diet and life style. Some examples are healthy eating and physical activities. People in global countries ignored the important of diet and lifestyle as they are busy working all days. The result is a steadily rising incidence of obesity, coronary heart disease, certain cancers and diabetes

As discussed above, globalisation in the economic, political, social, cultural,ecological and technological spheres of human activity needs to be taken into account as part of the broader determinants of health. Globalisation are closely related to high risk of health with can cause high level of mortality as people neglected their health style due to the fast process of modenisation.


Post a Comment